Studies and Reports

UIP report on state of play of noise discussions at EU and national level

Report by UIP Topical Committee Economic Evaluation

Noise continues to be high on the agenda at European level where the European Commission is working towards legislative measures for noise reduction. Societal pressures regarding high noise receptions are creating political pressure to take action at European and national levels. While noise creation aspects are legislated at European level, noise reception is submitted to the subsidiary principles and legislated at a national level. At national level, almost all European countries have noise reception limit values for new railway lines and in almost all Member States limit values exist also for upgraded lines.

Initial considerations towards noise in rail transport were taken through the Interoperability Directive and the Noise Technical Specifications for Interoperability (TSI Noise). In addition, the Environmental Noise Directive (END) 2002/49/EC requires Member States to submit noise maps and action plans to assess the number of people exposed to different noise levels throughout Europe. The END does not define any noise limit values, nor does it prescribe the measures to be used in these action plans. As a consequence different pathways are being pursued at both European and national levels.

A common agreement is that noise is mostly driven from the wheel-track interaction and that retrofitting of existing freight wagons with LL- Brake Blocks is the most efficient method to reduce the noise emitted by such wagons. This paper provides an overview of the current and forthcoming legislative measures and initiatives by the EU and national activities in different European States related to noise reduction and retrofitting of rolling stock.

UIP FAQ on EU funding and financial framework

The rail freight industry is facing the challenge to provide sustainable, efficient and competitive services. With the ongoing economic instability and changing geopolitical priorities in Europe, the rail operators and infrastructure managers are prioritising their investments and national plans to passenger and high-speed rail services. Yet, in parallel, there is political pressure to increase rail freight transportation and reduce environmental pollution such as noise.

The European Commission and the Rail Sector recognise that freight performance and rail freight competitiveness depend on a number of factors: vehicles that meet the needs of the customer, smart and innovative logistics, flexible transport optimising the exploitation of market segments, and political will and commitment from the Member States to support and secure investments in rail freight.

This Frequently Asked Questions communication aims to provide you with the current overview and clear understanding of the EU Budget figures, EU Programmes supported by EU funds, and funding options for projects of your interest. Simply click on the question of interest and you will be taken to the relevant answer section.

UIP report on Economic Assessment of ECM Certification

Report by UIP Topical Committee Economic Evaluation

In its Final Report “Economic Impact of New Rules and Regulations” (November 2011) UIP identified several cost drivers having significant impact on the wagon Keepers’ business and as such on rail freight competitiveness.

Amongst them, costs for the ECM Certification, required under the Commission Regulation (EU) 445/2011, also known as ECM Regulation, contribute to a considerable part of the increased costs for Wagon Owner / Keepers.

When drafting the Final Report in 2011, UIP assumed that Keepers with less than 1'000 wagons and / or few employees will most likely enter into service agreements with third party ECM rather than undergoing the whole and complex process of certification themselves. Based on these assumptions UIP estimated the average annual costs for ECM Certification as shown below:

  • ≥ 1’000 wagons: 78’750 €, i.e. 0,22 € per wagon and day;
  • ≥ 5’000 wagons: 155’875 €, i.e. 0,09 € per wagon and day;
  • ≥10’000 wagons: 233’500 €, i.e. 0,06 € per wagon and day.