2011 was another challenging year for the UIP, its members and the whole rail freight sector. Market recovery after the crisis in the last decade slowed down, and competition with other modes of transport remained challenging. UIP took this into account in its activities during the year 2011. Among those activities, two new UIP working groups started their work in 2011: the working group “Economic Impact” investigated the cost impact resulting from the rules and regulations applied to rail freight cars during the last few years. The work resulted in a comprehensive report which was published in November 2011 and which received a broad attention aiming to intensify the existing dialogue between the sector and the authorities and politicians at international and national levels; the GCU working group internally prepared the UIP proposals for a number of amendments / modifications to the GCU and reorganized the “GCU Forum”, thus becoming an effective mirror group for the GCU Joint Committee and its attached working groups.