Policy Dossier

Activity: 4th Railway Package

The Technical Pillar brings a new approach to vehicle authorisation and single safety certification

The 4th Railway Package is a set of 6 EU legislative documents focusing on two main priorities for the Single European Railway Area: Technical Harmonisation and Governance Structures. 

The Technical Pillar consists of the revision of the Safety and Interoperability Directives and the new Regulation on the European Railway Agency. The Governance Pillar includes Regulations on opening domestic passenger rail markets, and the governance and accounts relationships between RUs and IMs.

The 4th Railway Package should provide for a simpler process for vehicle authorisation, safety certification, and smoother implementation of the technical specifications for interoperability.   Consequently the role of the European Railway Agency had to be reconsidered and enhanced as the Single European Authority for Vehicle Authorisation and Safety Certificates.

With regard to the governance and market opening proposals, after an adoption by the Council in October 2016, the European Parliament formally approved the package in December 2016. The directive and 2 regulations were officially published in the EU Official Journal on December 23rd, 2016. The pillar aims to open up domestic rail passenger markets in the member states. This includes offering train companies fair conditions for access to the rail network.

Legal Acts adopted

Document Where to find the document Available language(s)
Cluster: IOD & RSD Directives
New Safety Directive
Directive (EU) 2016/798 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 May 2016 on railway safety (recast)
All languages
“Old” Safety Directive
Directive 2004/49/EC on safety on the Community’s railways (Railway Safety Directive)
All languages
New Interoperability Directive
Directive (EU) 2016/797 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 May 2016 on the interoperability of the rail system within the European Union
All languages
“Old” Interoperability Directive
Directive 2008/57/EC on the interoperability of the rail system within the Community (repealing Directives 96/48/EC and 2001/16/EC from 19 July 2010);
All languages
Cluster: ERA Regulation
Regulation (EU) 2016/796 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 May 2016 on the European Union Agency for Railways and repealing Regulation (EC) No 881/2004  http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
Cluster: TSIs
TSIs in force
(+ Application Guides)
www.era.europa.eu/activities/technical-specifications-interoperability_en All languages
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/776 of 16 May 2019 as regards the alignment with Directive (EU) 2016/797 of the European Parliament and of the Council and the implementation of specific objectives set out in Commission Delegated Decision (EU) 2017/1474 (TSI WAG) -  consolidated version, July 2019   https://eur‐lex.europa.eu/legal‐content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/774 of 16 May 2019 amending Regulation (EU) No 1304/2014 as regards application of the technical specification for interoperability relating to the subsystem ‘rolling stock — noise’ to the existing freight wagons (TSI NOI) - consolidated version, July 2019 https://eur‐lex.europa.eu/legal‐content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/773 of 16 May 2019 on the technical specification for interoperability relating to the operation and traffic management subsystem of the rail system within the European Union and repealing Decision 2012/757/EU (OPE TSI) - published on 27th May 2019 https://eur‐lex.europa.eu/legal‐content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/777 of 16 May 2019 on the common specifications for the register of railway infrastructure and repealing Implementing Decision 2014/880/EU (RINF) - published on 27th May 2019 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.LI.2019.139.01.0312.01.ENG&toc=OJ:L:2019:139I:FULL All languages
 Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/775 of 16 May 2019 amending Regulation (EU) No 454/2011 as regards Change Control Management (TAP TSI CCM) - published on 27th May 2019 eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.LI.2019.139.01.0103.01.ENG&toc=OJ:L:2019:139I:FULL All languages

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/778 of 16 May 2019 amending Regulation (EU) No 1305/2014 as regards Change Control Management (TAF TSI CCM) - published on 27th May 2019 eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.LI.2019.139.01.0356.01.ENG&toc=OJ:L:2019:139I:FULL All languages
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1302/2014 of 18 November 2014 concerning a technical specification for interoperability relating to the ‘rolling stock — locomotives and passenger rolling stock’ subsystem of the rail system in the European Union (Loc & Pas TSI) - consolidated version, July 2019 https://eur‐lex.europa.eu/legal‐content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
Mandate for the TSI revision http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32017D1474 All languages
Cluster: Vehicle Authorisation
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/545 of 4 April 2018 establishing practical arrangements for the railway vehicle authorisation and railway vehicle type authorisation https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
Guidelines for the practical arrangements for the vehicle authorisation process (new) https://www.era.europa.eu/sites/default/files/
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/250 of 12 February 2019 on the templates for ‘EC’ declarations and certificates for railway interoperability constituents and subsystems, on the model of declaration of conformity to an authorised railway vehicle type and on the ‘EC’ verification procedures for subsystems https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
Cluster: Safety Certification
COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) establishing practical arrangements for issuing single safety certificates to railway undertakings  https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32018R0763 All languages
Application Guide www.era.europa.eu/sites/default/files/activities/
Cluster Safety Authorisation
Commission Recommendation on practical arrangements for issuing safety authorisations to infrastructure managers eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.LI.2019.139.01.0390.01.ENG&toc=OJ:L:2019:139I:FULL English
Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) …/... establishing common safety methods on safety management system requirements https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
Application Guide https://www.era.europa.eu/sites/default/files/activities/
Cluster: ERTMS
Draft Commission Recommendation of 18 July 2018 on guidance for the harmonised implementation of the European Rail Traffic Management System in the Union https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
Cluster: Board(s) of Appeal
Commission Implementing Regulation laying down the rules of procedure of the Board(s) of Appeal of the European Union Agency for Railways https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
Cluster: Fees and Charges
Commission Implementing Regulation on the fees and charges payable to the European Union Agency for railways and their conditions of payment https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
Cluster: EVR
COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING ACT on the specification for the European Vehicle Register referred to in Article 47 of Directive (EU) 2016/797 and repealing Decision 2007/756/EC
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.L_.2018.268.01.0053.01.ENG&toc=OJ:L:2018:268:TOC All languages
Cluster: Revision of ECM Regulation
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/779 of 16 May 2019 laying down detailed provisions on a system of certification of entities in charge of maintenance of vehicles and repealing Commission Regulation (EU) No 445/2011 - published on 27th May 2019  
All languages
Cluster: ERATV  

Commission Implementing
Decision of 4 October 2011 on the European register of authorised types of railway vehicles (notified under document C(2011) 6974) - consolidated version, July 2019

All languages

Significance to UIP and our Members

The priority for UIP remains with the Technical Pillar.  In order to achieve a competitive and transparent European railway market with technical harmonisation, conformity assessment, vehicle authorisation and safety certification at a European level, the streamlining of administrative procedures, setting clear roles and responsibilities, and the removing of superfluous national regulations should be assured and provided for.  Furthermore, it is of utmost importance to include and clearly define the role of Wagon Keepers and ECMs as actors within the railway system.

With regard to the Technical Pillar, UIP is already involved in the activities towards its implementation and more specifically the preparation of ERA for its future role as One Stop Shop (OSS) for Vehicle Authorisation (VA) and Single Safety Certification (SSC). This preparation process is expected to run in three phases from 2016 until 2018. The European Railway Agency, becoming the European Union Agency for Railway, should be fully operationdal for its new roles by 2019.
UIP together with GRB Partner Associations to maintaining an open dialogue to develop common proposals and recommendations on the implementing and delegated acts that will support the 4RP.

UIP also acts as a spokesperson to the Administrative Board of ERA, where strategic decisions are made regarding the future role of the agency, as well as on the its Multiannual and Annual Work Programme (SPD). UIP’s key role during this preparatory phase is to support and ensure that the deliverables, the new processes, rolesa and responsibilities but also tools reflect the appropriate framework and level playing field for the Wagon Keepers and their ECM(s).

UIP Documents

Joint Statement on the Fourth Railway Package Technical Pillar - April 2016
4th Railway Package’s Technical Pillar: a top priority for the railway sector - December 2013
4th Railway Package – Rail sector needs Technical Pillar - June 2013
4th Railway Package - UIP welcomes the publication of the package - January 2013

EU Documents of interest

ERA FAQ - 4th Railway Package
4th Railway Package’s Market Pillar - Published texts - December 2016: Directive and Regulations
4th Railway Package’s Technical Pillar - Published texts - May 2016
4th Railway Package – Commission proposals of 2013

Activity: Rail statistics

Economic Evaluation and Rail statistics need reliable data

European transport policies require impact assessments or regular monitoring of implementation and performance.  For this there is a strong need for data on rail transport, including infrastructure, rolling stock, freight services, and rail freight performance.  At European level, DG MOVE, EUROSTAT and ERA started activities on synergies and streamlining of data in order to avoid gaps, duplication, inaccuracies and inconsistencies. Data is usually provided voluntarily or mandatorily by Member States (Regulatory Bodies, NSAs, or National Statistical Bodies) or the Sector Associations and individual railway actors. The biggest challenge is to find a common understanding on the type of data that is required and an agreement on the type data that can be provided in reality.

On 18 April 2018, Regulation (EU) 2018/643 on rail transport statistics was adopted, repealing Regulation (EC) No 91/2003 with a view to further facilitating the production of harmonised data and official statistics at European level. To this end, dedicated cooperation agreements on statistical activities will be established between the Commission's services and relevant entities, including at international level. The Regulation requires Member States to report statistics on rail transport (e.g. type of transport, number of passengers, number of trains transporting goods, tonnes of goods) on their national territory which they will in turn receive from railway undertakings operating in their country. In addition, the Regulation delegates the power to adapt the existing or additional technical definitions to the European Commission. It further confers implementing powers on the Commission as regards the specification of the information to be supplied for the reports on the quality and comparability of the results. EUROSTAT is responsible for the dissemination of those results.  

EUROSTAT Working Group on Rail Transport Statistics

EUROSTAT is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg. Its main responsibilities are to provide statistical information to the institutions of the European Union (EU) and to promote the harmonisation of statistical methods across its member states and candidates for accession as well as EFTA countries. The Eurostat working group brings together Member State Representatives, their National Statistical Authorities, and Representatives of the Rail Sector, DG MOVE and ERA. Statistical data on Rail freight transport are publicly availbale and updated yearly (see Railway freight transport statistics for the actual main statistical findings).

Rail Market Monitoring Scheme (RMMS) Working Group

On July 7 2015 the European Commission adopted an Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/1100 on the reporting obligations of the Member States in the framework of rail market monitoring. This falls part of Art. 15 of the recast of the 1st Railway Package. The scope of data that is collected includes:

  • Infrastructure charging for passenger and freight services
  • Noise abatement measures: general reporting
  • Capacity allocation (provided and rejected) for passenger and freight services
  • Infrastructure expenditures including freight terminals
  • Revenue from passenger and freight services
  • Quality of services
  • Degree of market opening for passenger and freight
  • Employment and social conditions
  • Service facilities

The second set of data collected, covering the activities of 2016 was presented by DG MOVE at the 35th meeting of the RMMS Working Group in March 2018. In terms of content, Member States’ inputs were more complete than in the previous exercises despite some issues remaining on confidentiality and availability of data. For the third reporting cycle the submission of data for 2017 is due to start in October 2018. The adoption of the 6th RMMS Report, thematically focussing on customer satisfaction, is expected to be published in November after a final review within the RMMS WG during a meeting beforehand. The 36th RMMS WG meeting should serve as well to discuss potential amendments to Regulation 2015/1100.

By summer 2018, final (adjusted) definitions will be available in the EUROSTAT Glossary aligning them with the definitions used in EU rail legislation and beyond (PRIME, RMMS, UIC, IRG, …) in order to have more precise definitions used at international level.

Due to some persisting mismatches between ERADIS and RMMS data (different reporting systems in place), ERA will share ERADIS figures on RUs licences per country with the MS before the data gathering exercise opens in October 2018. This will allow MS to check the results ex ante.

Along with the RMMS, DG MOVE has set-up together with a group of Infrastructure Managers a high-level platform called PRIME, which is developing a comprehensive framework of infrastructure related Key Performance Indicators (KPIs), on topics such as ERTMS, Safety or Punctuality. However, the first (non-pilot) data collection round in 2017, highlighted its potential overlaps with the RMMS. If PRIME data on these overlapping indicators were complete (i.e. covering the main IMs of all Member States), covering sufficient part of the national market and public, then DG MOVE could use PRIME data and stop collecting this information from the Member States via the RMMS.

ERA Railway Indicators

In the ERA Working Group UIP worked together with other National Safety Authorises and other Associations of the rail Sector to developed and define Railway Indicators, which are to be used to monitor and assess the implementation and practices by ERA and the Sector in the following 4 Strategic areas/activities:

  • Harmonised Safety Framework (incl. questions relevant to ECM)
  • Removal of Technical Barriers (related to Vehicle Authorisation)
  • Single EU Train Control and Communication System (related to ERTMS)
  • Simplified Access to Customers (related to TAF, Registers, Data Exchange)

Significance to UIP and our Members

As a key player in the railway system, UIP wants to assure that transport policy is built on accurate, reliable and conclusive data that truly represents the sector, its assets, its performance, and its technical, operational and business needs. UIP takes part in three main working groups: Rail Market Monitoring Scheme RMMS Working Group (DGMOVE), EUROSTAT Working Group on Rail Transport Statistics, Economic Evaluation Working Party at the European Railway Agency. In addition, the UIC publishes also yearly statistics tables on railway traffic, network lengths, number of vehicles covering not only the European but also the entire railway market (http://uic.org/statistics).

In order to support policy-makers in shaping the future of transport policies, UIP is planning to collect aggregated fleet data via its Topical Committee Economic Evaluation. This should allow as well to increase credibility and awareness about the business cases for independent Wagon Keepers and avoid distortions and amalgams in data analysis. 

EU Documents of interest

DG Move - Statistical pocketbook 2017
5th RMMS report on monitoring development of the rail marketAccompanying Commission Staff Document - December 2016
Regulation (EU) 2018/643 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 April 2018 on rail transport statistics - May 2018
Implementing Regulation 2015/1100 on the reporting obligations in the framework of rail market monitoring - July 2015

Activity: Research & Innovation

Research & Innovation should respond to the needs of the customers

In order to achieve a Single European Area, the rail sector has to be more innovative and open-minded towards solutions that support not only technology improvement, but also innovative approaches to operations, maintenance and logistic services.  This requires both, a short-term and a long-term vision, strategic planning and delivery in order to address existing challenges and barriers in our daily business.  Therefore, research activities at EU level are to support:

  • Ambitious goals to achieve interoperability and maintain safety levels around Europe
  • Stronger role of the railways as a more active mode in a multimodal transport
  • Increasing demand for the rail sector to perform better and achieve a more competitive and efficient transport for passengers and freight.

Research Activities for the rail freight sector are supported by  the current Horizon 2020  EU framework Programme and Shift2Rail Joint Undertaking.

Within the Horizon 2020, the Rail related activities are supported under Specific Programme “Smart, Green and Intelligent Transport”: 

(Source: UIP)

The Shift2Rail Joint Undertaking (S2R JU) was established under HORIZON 2020and under Regulation (EU) No 642/2014  as a new public-private partnership in the rail sector to provide a platform for coordinating research activities with a view to drive innovation in the sector for the years to come.  It consists of Founding Members and Associated Members.  The Founding Members of the JU are the European Commission plus eight players from the rail sector: Alstom, Ansaldo STS, Bombardier, Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles (CAF), Siemens and Thales, Network Rail and Trafikverket. In December 2015, 19 associated members joined the initiative (see JU members for more details).

The Shift2Rail JU manages the entire budget of at least €920 million for the period 2014-2020 for rail only research. Under the co-financing structure, the EU’s commitment amounts to a maximum of €450 million, while the rail sector Members contribution is around €470 million.  With that in mind, there are wo types of calls:

  • Founding Members(CFM) calls reserved for Shift2Rail Joint Undertaking members (incl. associated members),
  • Open calls  (OC)available to companies, universities, research institutes and others who are not Shift2Rail members
  • For Freight Activities under Innovation Programme 5, the allocated co-financing budget is €1,5 million.
  • There is also a Cross-Cutting Activity (CCA) on Smart Maintenance and Human Capital with co-financing budget of €700 000.

Topics under the different calls relating to rail freight/rail freight wagons on keepers are as follows:

(source: Shift2Raill, adapted by UIP)
Significance to UIP and our members

It is important for our members to be in the know on the latest innovation that shapes the future of the railways and freight transport.  As investors in rolling stock, the Keepers are best positioned to provide guidelines, and define requirements when it comes to smart and innovative wagons.

UIP is a member of the European Rail Research Council (ERRAC) which is the European Technology Platform for Rail where strategies on research and development are defined by the railway sector.

UIP is also a member of the Users Group of Innovation Programme 5 (IP5) of Shift2Rail, whose role is to provide recommendations, present its needs and define requirements for innovation in freight transport and rail freight vehicles.

As a representative body UIP acts as a coordinator and facilitator for its members to become involved and participate in projects related to noise, optimisation of rolling stock, and rail freight performance in general. Together with other Associations and industry companies, UIP has most recently had to consider the future role of ERRAC not only in the governance structure of Shift2Rail, but also in extending its scope to issues related to new policy priorities under Climate, Energy, and Digitalisation.

Shift2Rail Press release - S2R awards first grants - June 2016
Shift2Rail Masterplan - March 2015
Shift2Rail Factsheet - July 2014
Shift2Rail Joint Undertaking – Frequently Asked Questions - December 2013

Last update: October 2017