Activity: 4th Railway Package

Entry into force of the 4th Railway Package's technical Pillar and the changes it entails

The 4th Railway Package is a set of six legislative texts designed to complete the single market for Rail services (Single European Railway Area). Its overarching goal is to revitalise the rail sector and make it more competitive vis-à-vis other modes of transport. It comprises two 'pillars' which have been negotiated largely in parallel.

The Technical Pillar was adopted by the European Parliament and the Council in April 2016 and addresses interoperability, safety authorisation, ERTMS track-side certification but also the reduction of national rules and the increased role of the EU Agency for Railways (ERA) to deliver authorisations and certifications.

Legal Acts adopted

  Document Where to find Available language(s)
Cluster: IOD & RSD Directives
  New Safety Directive
Directive (EU) 2016/798 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 May 2016 on railway safety (recast)
All languages
  “Old” Safety Directive
Directive 2004/49/EC on safety on the Community’s railways (Railway Safety Directive)
All languages
  New Interoperability Directive
Directive (EU) 2016/797 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 May 2016 on the interoperability of the rail system within the European Union
All languages
  “Old” Interoperability Directive
Directive 2008/57/EC on the interoperability of the rail system within the Community (repealing Directives 96/48/EC and 2001/16/EC from 19 July 2010)
All languages
Cluster: ERA Regulation
  Regulation (EU) 2016/796 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 May 2016 on the European Union Agency for Railways and repealing Regulation (EC) No 881/2004  http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
Cluster: TSIs
  TSIs in force
(+ Application Guides)
www.era.europa.eu/activities/technical-specifications-interoperability_en All languages
  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/776 of 16 May 2019 as regards the alignment with Directive (EU) 2016/797 of the European Parliament and of the Council and the implementation of specific objectives set out in Commission Delegated Decision (EU) 2017/1474 (TSI WAG) -   consolidated version, March 2019 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:02013R0321-20200311 All languages
  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/774 of 16 May 2019 amending Regulation (EU) No 1304/2014 as regards application of the technical specification for interoperability relating to the subsystem ‘rolling stock — noise’ to the existing freight wagons (TSI NOI) - consolidated version, July 2019 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/773 of 16 May 2019 on the technical specification for interoperability relating to the operation and traffic management subsystem of the rail system within the European Union and repealing Decision 2012/757/EU (OPE TSI) - published on 27th May 2019 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/777 of 16 May 2019 on the common specifications for the register of railway infrastructure and repealing Implementing Decision 2014/880/EU (RINF) - published on 27th May 2019 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.LI.2019.139.01.0312.01.ENG&toc=OJ:L:2019:139I:FULL All languages
  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/775 of 16 May 2019 amending Regulation (EU) No 454/2011 as regards Change Control Management (TAP TSI CCM) - published on 27th May 2019 eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.LI.2019.139.01.0103.01.ENG&toc=OJ:L:2019:139I:FULL All languages

  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/778 of 16 May 2019 amending Regulation (EU) No 1305/2014 as regards Change Control Management (TAF TSI CCM) - published on 27th May 2019 eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.LI.2019.139.01.0356.01.ENG&toc=OJ:L:2019:139I:FULL All languages
  Commission Regulation (EU) No 1302/2014 of 18 November 2014 concerning a technical specification for interoperability relating to the ‘rolling stock — locomotives and passenger rolling stock’ subsystem of the rail system in the European Union (Loc & Pas TSI) - consolidated version, March 2020 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:02014R1302-20200311 All languages
  Mandate for the TSI revision http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32017D1474 All languages
Cluster: Vehicle Authorisation
  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/545 of 4 April 2018 establishing practical arrangements for the railway vehicle authorisation and railway vehicle type authorisation https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
  Guidelines for the practical arrangements for the vehicle authorisation process (new) https://www.era.europa.eu/applicants/applications-vehicle-type-authorisations_en#relatedDocuments All languages
  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/250 of 12 February 2019 on the templates for ‘EC’ declarations and certificates for railway interoperability constituents and subsystems, on the model of declaration of conformity to an authorised railway vehicle type and on the ‘EC’ verification procedures for subsystems https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
Cluster: Safety Certification
  COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) establishing practical arrangements for issuing single safety certificates to railway undertakings  https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32018R0763 All languages
  Application Guide www.era.europa.eu/sites/default/files/activities/
Cluster Safety Authorisation
  Commission Recommendation on practical arrangements for issuing safety authorisations to infrastructure managers eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.LI.2019.139.01.0390.01.ENG&toc=OJ:L:2019:139I:FULL English
  Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) …/... establishing common safety methods on safety management system requirements https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
  Application Guide https://www.era.europa.eu/sites/default/files/activities/
Cluster: ERTMS
  Draft Commission Recommendation of 18 July 2018 on guidance for the harmonised implementation of the European Rail Traffic Management System in the Union https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
Cluster: Board(s) of Appeal
  Commission Implementing Regulation laying down the rules of procedure of the Board(s) of Appeal of the European Union Agency for Railways https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
Cluster: Fees and Charges
  Commission Implementing Regulation on the fees and charges payable to the European Union Agency for railways and their conditions of payment https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?
All languages
Cluster: EVR
  COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING ACT on the specification for the European Vehicle Register referred to in Article 47 of Directive (EU) 2016/797 and repealing Decision 2007/756/EC
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.L_.2018.268.01.0053.01.ENG&toc=OJ:L:2018:268:TOC All languages
Cluster: Revision of ECM Regulation
  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/779 of 16 May 2019 laying down detailed provisions on a system of certification of entities in charge of maintenance of vehicles and repealing Commission Regulation (EU) No 445/2011 - published on 27th May 2019  
All languages
Cluster: ERATV
  Commission Implementing Decision of 4 October 2011 on the European register of authorised types of railway vehicles (notified under document C(2011) 6974) - consolidated version, July 2019 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1562142518145&uri=CELEX:02011D0665-20190616 All languages


Significance to UIP and our Members 

Of all the changes brought along with the 4th Railway Package, the main focus for UIP and its members lies on the substantial reforms introduced by Interoperability Directive (EU) 2016/797 and the new European vehicle authorisation (VA) procedure. On the 16th June 2019, the European Union Agency for Railways (ERA) has started to issue vehicle authorisations and safety certificates. All applications go through an IT Portal, the so called One-Stop-Shop (OSS), acting as a single-entry point for all stakeholders. The summer of 2018 marked the start of the second phase of implementation for ERA and aimed mainly at finetuning the processes, procedures and instruments as well as the internal organisation and competencies of the Agency.

Unfortunately only 9 MS plus Switzerland and Norway have transposed the directives by the 16th of June 2019, while the other 17 MS will do it by 2020. As a result, different legal regimes apply in the different MS which in turn will impact the recognition of authorisations issued after the 16th June 2019 for freight wagons to be used in several MS (GE/CW). Consequently, for all the projects requiring a new/updated vehicle authorisation falling within the transition period between June 2019 and June 2020, UIP recommends to use the OSS and submit applications to the Agency (ERA) to avoid legal difficulties and uncertainties – an opinion which was later confirmed by the Agency.

UIP, together with GRB partners, maintains an open dialogue with the Agency to develop common proposals and recommendations on how to improve the implementation of the 4th RP. In addition, UIP will continue to inform keepers and ECMs about any relevant lines-to-take (LTT) in order to cope with the new processes and the enhanced role of the European Union Agency for Railways (ERA). You will find the LTT published by ERA in the list of EU Documents of interest.

UIP Documents

2nd UIP Report – ERA Learning case tank wagon
1st UIP Report – ERA Learning case tank wagon

EU Documents of interest

ERA LTT - Clarification about transitory measure for the uploading of EC Certificates and ISV information to ERADIS – July 2019
ERA LTT - Clarification about responsibilities for populating ERADIS – June 2019
ERA LTT - Clarification about points 18.4 and 18.5 of Annex I of Regulation 2018‐545.pdf – May 2019
ERA FAQ - 4th Railway Package
ERA Vehicle Authorisation Process Application Guide_Examples – September 2018
ERA Vehicle Authorisation Process Application Guide_Guidelines – September 2018



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